Technology Layer: Active Structure Concepts

Technology Layer: Active Structure Concepts

  • Node

  • Device

  • System Software

  • Infrastructure Interface

  • Communication Path

  • Network


Node is a computational resource upon which artifacts may be stored or deployed for execution. Think of a node as a logical container for Devices and System Software. Indeed at the highest level a node could represent some form of software or hardware resource. Nodes can consist of sub-nodes. Its name should be a noun.

ArchiMate - Node Notation


In the model below, we see an Application Server node, which consists of a Blade device and Java EE-based application server system software.

ArchiMate - Technology Layer Node Notation

Note That

  • Nodes aggregated, composed of other Nodes, Devices and System Software

  • Nodes can be interconnected by Communication Paths

  • Artifacts can be assigned to Nodes


Device is a hardware resource upon which artifacts may be stored or deployed for execution. A Device is a physical resource with processing capability, such as Mainframes, PCs and Routers. Often assigned with System Software, and can have sub-devices. Its name should be a noun, possibly including Vendor or product information.

ArchiMate - Device Notation


The model below shows an example of a number of servers, modeled as devices, interconnected through a local area network (LAN).

Image result for archimate device

Note That

  • Devices interconnected by Networks

  • Artifacts assigned to Devices

  • System Software assigned to Devices

  • Device composed, aggregated of other Devices

  • Node composed, aggregated of Devices

System Software

System Software is a software environment for specific types of components and objects that are deployed on it in the form of artifacts. System Software represents things like the Operating System, J2EE Application Server, a database system, workflow engine, communications middleware. Artifacts, such as a Java class can be deployed (assigned) to System Software. Often name with the appendage “...server” depending on the environment involved. Often combined with a device to form a general node.


In the model below, we see a mainframe device that deploys two system software environments: a customer transaction server and a database management system (DBMS).

Image result for archimate system software visual paradigm

Note That

  • System software assigned to Device

  • Artifacts assigned to System Software

  • Node composed, aggregated of System Software

  • System Software realises Application Component, Collaboration, Interface, Service

Infrastructure Interface

Infrastructure Interface a point of access where infrastructure services offered by a node can be accessed by other nodes and application components. How a Technology Service is exposed to the environment. In the technology area interfaces could range from URL / Web Pages; Network Card; URL/Web Service. A quality of interfaces is that they represent an obligation or contract that a component realizing the interface must provide. Name should be a noun.


This example contains the software and hardware infrastructure elements supporting the application layer, such as physical devices, networks, or system software (e.g., operating systems, databases, and middleware).

Image result for archimate infrastructure interface visual paradigm

Note That

  • Node composed of Infrastructure Interfaces

  • Interface used by other Nodes

  • Infrastructure Interface assigned to Infrastructure Service

Communications Path

Communications Path is a link between two or more nodes, through which these nodes can exchange data. The Communication Path is a logical communications link between nodes. Can logically represent qualities of the physical network.


In the model below, we see a communication path “message queuing” between an Application Server and a Client.

Note That

  • A Communications Path connects one or more Nodes

  • Network realizes one or more Communication Paths